The Signs of Qiyamah
The Importance of The Signs
The Minor Signs
The Major Signs
Who is Dajjaal?
Who Are The Yaajooj and Maajooj?
Who is Imam Mahdi?
Who is Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam?
All praise is due to Allah, the Creator and Sustainer, and may His choicest Peace and Blessings be upon His pious servants, foremost among them Our Beloved Nabi, Sayyidunaa Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam .
The Qur'aan reminds us time and again that this universe has been created temporarily and at an appointed time it will surely be annihilated, "Everyone thereon will be annihilated and only the Countenance of your Mighty and Glorious Sustainer shall remain." The exact date and time of this event, termed as Qiyamah, is known to Allah Alone,
"Verily Allah Alone has the knowledge of the Hour," (Qur'aan).
The Qur'aan and the Hadeeth have however informed us about various signs which will occur prior to Qiyaamah and which will be indicative of the closeness of the event. It is indeed very unfortunate to note that despite having before us the various warnings and signs regarding Qiyaamah which have been mentioned by none other than Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam , and handed down to us via the authentic of the noble companions, yet certain people professing to be Muslims attach no importance whatsoever to these teachings. Instead, they show deep interest in the baseless vague predictions of some Kaafir. Inaccurate and being capable of interpreted in various ways these predicitinos hold no Shari importance. It was because of this sad state of affairs which undoubtedly is the result of weak Imaan, that this book "SIGNS OF QIYAMAH" has been compiled, through which, it is hoped that the noble teachings of Our Belove Nabi Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam are presented before us so that we may reform ourselves and attain eternal bliss.
This extremely sinful servant of Allah earnestly appeals to the Ulama to inform him about any errors and misrepresentations which are found in this book. It is the dua of this sinner that may Allah accept this humble effort and make it a meansof salvation for himself, his parents, Asatiza, relatives, and those who assisted in making this publication possible. Aameen.
All Praise is to Allah Ta'ala, our Creator and Provider. Salaam on His best of Rasuls, Hazrat Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam , the Universal Guide who expounded the Deen-ul-Islam which provides salvation in this world, the grave and the Aakhirat. Blessing be upon the Sahabah (R.A.) who were living examples displaying the practicality of our beautiful Shariat.
Man obtains knowledge and information via three basic sources viz.
1. The five senses.
2. Imagination and "Aqal" (Intellect).
3. Inner Illumination (Kashf, Ilham, Wahy).
These are various forms of spiritual inspirations:
"Wahy" - Divine and protected revelation that is only granted for the guidance of mankind through the Ambiyaa (A.S.) and come in three ways:
- "Wahee Qalbi" - related to the heart.
- "Kalam-e-illahi" - direct speech with Allah Ta'ala.
- "Wahee Malaki" - via the angels.
(Faiz-ul Baari p 4-8 of Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri and Uloom-ul-Qur'an p31-32 of Maulanaa M. Taqi Usmani).
Further "Wahee" can be divided into two types:
Kashf and ilhaam are two separate entities. According to Imaam Rabbani, Kashf is termed sensation while ilhaam is closer to intuition. ilhaam is more accurate than Kashaf because the latter is the lifting of the veil from something and the former is a direct inspiration into the heart. (Faiz-ul-Bari. Vol. 1 p19)
Imaam Ghazali (R.A.) states: "Kashf is bestowed on a pious person who is steadfast in Zikr. Piety is the gateway to Zikr and Zikr is gateway to Kashf" (Ihya-ul-Uloom. vol.3), whilst it is recorded in Faiz-ul-Bari vol. 1 p17 "What the aulias see through Kashf and the Ambiya via their insight while awake, cannot be seen by others".
However, in relation to dreams, Fatah-ul-Bari vol.12 p315 reads: "Dreams can be interpreted in a number of ways and according to certain rules. While every human being dreams, Ilham is vouchsafed only to the virtuous and chosen few".
Concerning the preditions etc. of non-believers, Allah Ta'ala says: "Lo! the devils do inspire their minions" sura 6 verse 122. This proves that the devil whispers into their hearts. Further Allah Ta'ala says: "Shall I inform you upon whom the devil descend! They Descend on the evil, sinful and false ones." Sura 26 verses 221/2. The inspiration of the devil is confined to those who are steeped in apostasy, heresy, and shirk.
The simple and fundamental guideline is: "Every Kashf, Ilham or dream shall be judged in the light of the Qur'aan and Sunnah and if contrary to the Qur'aan and Sunnah they shall be rejected."
The Signs of Qiyamat thus form an integral part of Iman. Rejection of it is Kufr.
The Signs of Qiyyamat are divided into two sections:
I have only translated the text of Aalalaat-e-Qiyyamat aur Nuzul-e-Essa - If one is interested in references then refer to the original text.
I pray to the Almighty Allah to grant us the taufeeq to awaken us from the deep slumber we are in and to shrug off the thick sheer cloak of neglect which presently enshrouds us and to take the responsibility to show the path of salvation to the whole of mankind.
By the grace of Allah Ta'ala, this booklet was translated in Masjid-un-Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam ), Madinah Munawwarah, during my Haj trip to The Blessed Land. May Allah make this a source of illumantion in the darkness of the grave Insha-Allah. (Ameen).
The Importance of the Signs
All the previous Ambiyaa alayhimus salaam informed their respective Ummats about the signs of Qiyamah, but Our Beloved Nabi Sayyidunaa Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam informed his Ummat about these signs in much greater detail. The reason being that there is no Nabi to come after him and his Ummat is closest to the advent of Qiyamah, hence they need to make greater preparation for it by reforming their spiritual selves, controlling their passions and diligently carrying out the orders of Allah Ta'ala.
According to a hadeeth appearing in Sahih Muslim, Sayyidunaa Abi Zaid radhiyallahu anhu says, " Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam once led the Fajr Salaat after which he ascended the pulpit and addressed us till Zuhr Salaat. He alighted from the pulpit, performed Zuhr Salaat and ascended the pulpit. He then addressed us till Asr and descended from the pulpit. He performed Salaat and ascended the Mimbar. He then addressed us till sunset (In these sermons) He informed us about those incidents which had occured as well as those which are yet to occur. Those with stronger memories amongst us remembered most of them."
The above hadeeth as well as other Ahadeeth indicate the importance attached to the imparting of information pertaining to Qiyamah. It is further reported that the Noble Companions used to teach the Ahadeeth to their children instructing them to convey it to others.
It will be noticed that while some Ahadeeth mention very briefly certain signs of Qiyamah, other ahadeeth again mention certain signs in greater detail eg. the coming of Sayyidunaa Eisa alayhis salaam, Imaam Mahdi alayhis salaam and the advent of Dajjaal. This is so because of the fact that these signs are a greater test for one's Imaan.
Another important point is that despite the large collection of Ahadeeth which exists in regard to the signs of Qiyamah there is no specific order mentioned in as far as the occurance of many of the events is concerned. The exact period between each sign is also generally unknown.
Further, certain signs have been mentioned very briefly, thus making it difficult to specify exactly as to whether or not a certain event which has occred or is occuring is the same one which the Ahadeeth has mentioned. The reason for all these above factors is to disable anyone from reckoning the exact time of Qiyamah which Allah has said will occur suddenly... "It will come upon you suddenly." (Qur'aan)
The Minor Signs of The Last Day
Hadhrat Abu Musa Ash'ari radhiyallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, "Qiyamah will come...
The following is part of a lengthy Hadith narrated by Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ood radhiyallahu anhu when he inquired from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam about the SIGNS OF QIYAMAH.
IRAQ and SYRIA
Abu Nadhrah says: "We were sitting in the company of Jabir bin Abdullah (R.A.) when he said: 'Soon the people of IRAQ will neither receive any food (grain) nor any money.'" We asked, "Why would such a thing happen?" He replied, "Because of the non-Arabs." (i.e they will prevent food from going into Iraq, in the form of "sanctions" to this day.) He then said: "Soon the people of Shaam (SYRIA) will neither receive any money nor grain." We asked as to why this would happen. He replied: "Because of the Romans (christians)."
Hadhrat Abbas radhiyallahu anhu narrates that Rasulallah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam) has said,
"Islam will spread far and wide, across the seas. Horses will cross the land and seas
in the cause of Jihaad. Then a time will come wherein a group of people will emerge which
recites the Qur'aan. They will claim,
'We have recited the Qur'aan and is there anyone who understands the Qur'aan better than us? There is NO ONE more proficient than us in the study of the Qur'aan.'
Then Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam asked the Sahaba, "Do you see any good in their claims?" The Sahaba replied, "No". Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, "But these conceited claimants will be from my Ummah and will be the fuel of the Fire."
The Major Signs of The Last Day
Auf bin Malik radhiyallahu anhu says: I came to Rasulullah
sallallahu alayhi wasallam while he was in
his skin tent during the Tabuk expedition. He said to me, "Count six things before
the advent of Qiyamah:
Signs Before the Major Signs (i.e. before the emergence of Imaam Mahdi)
Christain Rule Will be dominant
ANOMALOUS INCIDENTS WILL OCCUR
Occurrence of red winds, disfiguration of faces (man to pig), and people being swallowed into the ground.
A man from Abu Sufyaans progeny massacres descendents of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and rules over Syria and Egypt.
A major war between Muslims and Christians: Half the Christian army will sign a peace treaty with the Muslim army, while the second half of the Christian army remains the common enemy.
ISTANBUL CONQUERED BY CHRISTIANS
The enemy half of the Christian army conquers Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey.
ISTANBUL RECONQUERED JOINTLY BY MUSLIM AND CHRISTIANS
The Muslims and the good half of the Christian army conquer Constantinople together, against the enemy Christians. Thereafter, a Christian will say the victory was due to the cross, and the Muslim will say it was due to Islam. A battle between both sides will ensue, and the Muslim Ruler will be martyred.
SYRIA CONQUERED BY CHRISTIANS
The two Christian armies reunite, conquering Syria.
Christians dominate the world up to Khaiber (near Madinah), and they will pursue Muslims with 80 flags, with 12,000 men under each flag.
MUSLIMS AWAIT Imaam Mahdi
A total eclipse of the sun and moon will occur in Ramadhan, prior to Imaam Mahdis emergence.
The Major Signs:
IMAAM MAHDI EMERGES
At age 40, Imaam Mahdi appears in Makkah, then flees to Madinah.
MUSLIM ARMY MARCHES
The army of Mansoor from Khurasaan will head towards Makkah to aid Imaam Mahdi. They will win many battles on the way. No force will be able to stop them. They will carry black flags.
SUFYAANI ARMY SWALLOWED BY THE EARTH.
The Sufyaani army (an Anti-Muslim force) from Syria singles out Imaam Mahdi for execution. On the way to Makkah, they get swallowed into the ground. A second Sufyaani army is created with 960,000 men (of 80 nations).
CONFRONTATION IN SYRIA
Imaam Mahdi and the Muslim army go to Syria to confront the Christians. The Christians, before the battle, will ask Muslims for the return of their prisoners-of-war. The Muslims will refuse. The battle will begin. One-third of Imaam Mahdis army will flee (their repentance will not be accepted), one-third will be martyred, and one-third will gain victory over the Christians.
MUSLIM ARMY UNDER IMAAM MAHDI CONQUERS PALESTINE
JIHAAD ON INDIA
A jamaat of Muslims wages Jihaad on India and be successful.
SYRIA UNDER MUSLIM RULE
Imaam Mahdi returns to Syria and establishes Muslim rule over the lands he passes.
ANIMOSTIY RIFE AMONGST THE PEOPLE
At this time, Muslims will be weak and there will be very few pious people.
3 RUMORS OF EMERGENCE OF Dajjaal... 3 YEARS OF DROUGHT
Before the emergence of Dajjaal there will be three years of drought. The first year, the skies will retain 1/3 of its water, the second year 2/3, and all of its water the third year.
Dajjaal appears. His followers, the Yahudis, will number 70,000 and will wear expensive silk attire and carry double edged swords.
Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam (JESUS) APPEARS
Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam descends during the lifetime of Imaam Mahdi.
DAJJAAL KILLED AT THE GATE OF HUDD
Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam kills Dajjaal at the Gate of Hudd, near an Israeli airport, in the valley of Ifiq. The final war between the Yahudi's will ensue, and the Muslims be victorious.
With the death of Dajjaal, all wars will end. Jihad will be stopped; peace, harmony, and tranquility will be on earth. The earth will produce abundant crops and fruit. The people will follow Islam.
HADHRAT EISA RECEIVES REVELATION
The revelation tells that the Yajooj and Majooj will soon be released and the believers should be taken to Mt. Toor (Sinai).
YAJOOJ AND MAJOOJ ("Gog and Magog") RELEASED
The Yajooj and Majooj surge forth in large numbers. They destroy everything in their path in their effort to conquer the world. They will be released in two groups.
YAJOOJ AND MAJOOJ REACH JERUSALEM
When they reach Mount Khamrin in Jerusalem, they will proclaim to have conquered the world. Then the will shoot arrows into the sky to conquer the heavens. The arrows will return blood stained.
HARDHSHIPS ON MOUNT TOOR
Scarcity of provisions and hardships will afflict the Muslims. Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam and the Muslims will pray for the removal of the calamity.
YAJOOJ AND MAJOOJ KILLED BY INFECTIONS
Their prayers were answered and the Yajooj and Majooj develop boil infections, causing them to burst simultaneously as a result.
EARTH FULL OF STENCH OF CORPSES
Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam and his companions pray again and huge birds are sent to pick up the Yajooj and Majooj corpses and dispose of them in Nahbal (according to Tirmidhi), the ocean or elsewhere.
PEACE ON EARTH
It will rain for forty days and the earth will be cleansed. Muslims will burn the bows and arrow of Yajooj and Majooj for 7 years. Life will be peaceful while Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam is alive. The earth will be bountiful. Hadhrat Eisa will live 19 years after marriage.
HADHRAT EISA PASSES AWAY AND BURIED NEXT TO MUHAMMED (S.A.W.)
OTHER LEADERS FOLLOW AFTER HADHRAT EISA alayhis salaam
Jahjaan from Qahtaan, from a tribe in Yemen, will rule as the next Khalifa. Muquad, from a tribe of Banu Tamim will also be a deputy. SOCIETY SLOWLY DECAYS AND KUFR SETS IN
The Final Signs of Qiyaamah:
1 THE CAVING IN OF THE GROUND
The ground will cave in: one in the east, one in the west, and one in Hejaz, Saudi Arabia.
2 THE FORTY DAY SMOKE/FOG
Fog or smoke will cover the skies for forty days. The non-believers will fall unconscious, while Muslims will be ill (develop colds). The skies will then clear up.
3 THE NIGHT OF THREE NIGHTS
A night three nights long will follow the fog. It will occur in the month of Zil-Hajj after Eidul-Adha, and cause much restlessness among the people.
4 THE RISING OF THE SUN IN THE WEST
After the night of three nights, the following morning the sun will rise in the west. Peoples repentance will not be accepted after this incident.
5 THE BEAST FROM THE EARTH APPEARS
One day later, the Beast from the earth will miraculously emerge from Mount Safaa in Makkah, causing a split in the ground. The beast will be able to talk to people and mark the faces of people, making the believers faces glitter, and the non-believers faces darkened.
6 THE BREEZE FROM THE SOUTH
A breeze from the south causes sores in the armpits of Muslims, which they will die of as a result.
7 DESTRUCTION OF THE KAABA
The Kaaba will be destroyed by non-Muslim African group. Kufr will be rampant. Haj will be discontinued. The Quran will be lifted from the heart of the people, 30 years after the ruler Muquads death.
8 FINAL SIGN OF QIYAAMAH: FIRE IN YEMEN
The fire will follow people to Syria, after which it will stop.
COMMENCEMENT OF QIYAAMAH
Some years after the fire, Qiyaamah begins with the Soor (trumpet) being blown. The year is not known to any person. Qiyaamah will come upon the worst of creation.
Who is Dajjaal?
Hadhrat Imraan bin Husain radhiyallahu anhu relates that, "I heard Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam saying: "Since the birth of Aadam alayhis salaam till the advent of Qiyamah there is no fitnah (evil, test) much greater that of Dajjaal."
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam has exhorted the regular recital of Suratul Kahf which will most certainly save one from the Evils of Dajjaal.)
Hadhrat Huzaifah radhiyallahu anhu says, Dajjaal will be blind in his left eye. He will have very thick
hair on his body and he will also have his own type of Jannat and Jahannam with him:
Although his Jannat will appear as Jannat, in reality it will be Jahannam and likewise
though his Jahannam will appear to be Jahannam, in reality it will be Jannat.
Imraan bin Husain radhiyallahu anhu says Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "Those who hear about Dajjaal should stay far from him. By Allah! A person will approah him thinking him to be a Believer, but on seeing his amazing feats he will become his follower."
Ubadah bin Saamit radhiyallahu anhu once said, "I have explained Dajjaal to you but I fear that you might not have understood. Maseeh Dajjaal will be short, and his legs will be crooked. The hair on his head will be extremely twisted. He will have one eye (with which he can see, and this is the protruding eye about which other ahadeeth inform us) while his other eye will be totally flat. It will neither be deep (in its socket) nor protruding.
If you still have any doubt regarding him then remember that your Sustainer (Rabb) is not one-eyed. (Because Dajjaal will eventually claim to be Allah). In a lengthy Hadith narrated by Abu Saeed radhiyallahu anhu , Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam is reported to have said: "Dajjaal will come but it will be prohibited and impossible for him to enter Madina. He will set up camp in a barren land outside Madina. One person who will be the best of persons will confront him by saying: "I bear witness that you are the very Dajjaal about whom Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam has informed us."
Dajjaal will say to his followers, "If I kill this person and then revive him, you people will still doubt me?"
They will reply, "No."
He will then kill this person, (according to another narration he will split this person in two) and thereafter revive him. This person will say, "I am totally convinced more than ever before that you definitely are Dajjaal."
Dajjaal will attempt to kill this person again but his efforts will now be in vain.
(According to a hadith, after this incident, Dajjaal will not be able to harm anyone.)
Hadhrat Anas radhiyallahu anhu says that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "Dajjaal will come and finally reach the outskirts of Madina. There will be three tremors. At that time, all the disbelievers and hypocrites will flee (from Madinah).
In this way Madinah Munawwarah will be purified of all the evil hypocrites.
Hadhrat Asma bint Yazeed radhiyallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam once came to my house and there he spoke about Dajjaal. He said that before the emergence of Dajjaal there will be three spells of drought. In one year the skies will withold one third of its rains, causing the earth to withold one third of its produce. In the second year the skies will withold two thirds of its rains, causing the earth to withold two thirds of its produce. In the third year, the skies will withold all its water and there will be no crops that year. All animals, be they hooved or toothed, will die as a result. The greatest evil of Dajjaall will be to approach anyone and ask him: "If I bring your camel back to life, will you then believe that I am your Rabb?"
This person will reply, "Most certainly."
Thereafter Shaytaan (from the many Shayaateen who will always accompany Dajjaal) will appear before this person in the form of his camel with a fat hump and fully laden udders.
Likewise Dajjaal will appear before another person whose father and brother have long passed away and ask him, "If I bring your father and brother back to life will you believe that I am your Rabb?"
This person will reply, "Why not?"
Shaytaan will once again take on the appearance of his brother and father...
Hadhrat Mughira ibn Shu'bah radhiyallahu anhu says that, "No one asked Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam about Dajjaal as much as myself. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said to me, "How can he possibly harm you?"
I said: "People are saying that he will have with him a mountain of bread (provisions) and a river of water."
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "In the sight of Allah he is much more disgraced than that. (i.e. Allah knows full well that in reality Dajjaal has nothing with him, and all that which appears to be with him is but deception).
(Bukhari and Muslim).
Other Ahadeeth regarding Dajjaal inform us that:
Who are the Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj?
The Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj
During the reign of Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam people will live an extremely peaceful life filled with prosperity and abundance. Then the wall which imprisons Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj will break and they will surge forth in large numbers.
"But when Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj are let loose and they rush headlong down every hill" (Quran 21:97)
Who are the Ya'jooj and Majooj?
Zul Qarnain alayhis salaam who was a pious and just Ruler travelled to many lands and conquered them, establishing justice and the Law of Allah therein. Allah Ta'ala provided him with all forms and material strength through which he was able to carry out his conquests and missions.
He once carried out a mission in three directions, the far west, the far east, and then in a northerly direction. It was here that he came across a tribe of people who complained to him about the tribes of Ya'jooj and Majooj which inhabited the land behind two huge mountains and often emerged from behind these mountains to perpetrate acts of anarchy and plunder among them. They requested Zul Qarnain alayhis salaam to erect a barrier between themselves and the tribes of Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj so that they could be saved from their atrocities. With the material strength at his disposal, Zul Qarnain alayhis salaam enlisted their physical labor and set about erecting a high wall between the two mountains. The height of the wall or its exact length is unknown. What is known is that the height of this wall reaches that of the summit of both mountains. It is made with blocks or sheets of iron, which is further strengthened by molten lead. In this manner Ya'jooj and Majooj are unable to scale the wall, or cross it, except when it is the will of Allah.
"And when the promise of my Rabb approaces, He will level it to dust" (Quran 18:98)
They are situated in a land of ice which is hidden from our gazes and the exact location of which is unknown. Though many interpretations do exist in this respect, none of these can be said to absolute.
Ya'jooj and Majooj are human beings and according to a narration they are from the progeny of Yafith ibn Nooh alayhis salaam.
In a lengthy hadith by Hadhrat Nawwas ibn Sam'aan radhiyallahu anhu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam is reported to have said:
"...Allah will send revelation upon Eisa alayhis salaam that 'Such a creation of mine is now going to emerge that no power will be able to stop them. Therefore take my servants and ascend the Mount of Toor.' Then Ya'jooj and Majooj will emerge and surge forth in all their fury. When those from among them who constitute the former part of their army pass the lake of Tiberias (which is in northern Palestine), they will drink up all the water of that lake and by the time those that constitute the latter part of that same army pass the lake, they will say, "There used to be water here (long ago). When they reach the Mount of Khamr in Jerusalem, they will arrogantly proclaim: 'We have conquered the people of the earth, now we will annihilate those in the sky.' So saying they will fire their arrows towards the sky. When the arrows return to the ground they will be blood stained.
In the meantime, Eisa alayhis salaam will be on the Mount of Toor with his followers. At that time the head of and ox will be as valuable as is a hundred dinars to you in this day. [This indicates the scarcity of provisions]. Faced with these hardships, Eisa alayhis salaam and his followers will make dua unto Allah (to remove this calamity). As a result, Allah will cause sores to appear on the necks of each and every individual of these people which will cause their death suddenly. When Eisa alayhis salaam and his followers descend from the Mount of Toor there will not be a single space on the land where the dead rotting bodies of these people is not littered, giving off a horrendous odour. Eisa alayhis salaam and his followers will once more supplicate unto Allah as a result of which Allah will send down huge birds whose necks will be as thick as that of the necks of camels, and they will dump these bodies in a place where Allah wills. (According to a narration by Tirmidhi, they will be dumped at a place called Nahbal).
Allah Ta'ala will then send down a heavy rain, the waters of which will flow in every part of the earth cleansing it thoroughly. It will rain for a period of forty days.
The Muslims will then burn the bows and arrows of the Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj for a period of seven years.
Allah will order the earth to yield forth its crops in abundance and there will be such
blessing and prosperity that one pomegranate will be sufficient for a whole group while
the peel thereof will suffice to cast a shadow over them. The milk of one camel will be
sufficient for many groups while one milk giving cow will be sufficient for a whole tribe.
One milk giving goat will be sufficent for a whole family..."
Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri radhiyallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said:
"On the day of Qiyamah Allah will say to Aadam alayhis salaam to pick out the Jahannamis from his entire progeny. Aadam alayhis salaam will ask: 'O Rabb, who are they?'
Allah will say: 'Nine hundred and ninety nine of a thousand are Jahannami while the one is a Jannati.'
On hearing this the Sahaba were overtaken by fear and they asked "O Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam , who will that one Janniti be?'
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: 'Do not grieve, the nine hundred and ninety nine will be Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj while you will be the Jannati."' (i.e. your numbers in relation to them will be one in a thousand).
(Bukhaari and Muslim)
Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Umar radhiyallahu
anhu says that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi
"Allah Ta'ala divided mankind into ten parts. Nine tenths constitute Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj while the remaining tenths constitutues the rest of mankind."
Hadhrat Zainab bint Jahsh radhiyallahu anhu says: "...once Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam awoke from such a sleep that his face was red and these words were on his tongue: 'There is none worthy of worship except Allah. Destruction is upon the Arabs on account of the evil which has come close to them. Today a hole as big as this has opened up in the wall of Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj.' ..and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam indicated the size of the hole forming a ring with his index finger and thumb."
(Bukhari and Muslim)
Hadhrat Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu anhu narrates that every day Ya'jooj and Ma'jooj break (dig) through the wall erected by Zul Qarnain alayhis salaam until they reach the end of it to that extent that they can actually see the light on the other side. They then return (home) saying that 'We will break through tomorrow.' But Allah Ta'ala causes the wall to revert to its original thickness and the next day they start digging through the wall all over again, and this process continues each day until as long as Allah wills them to remain imprisoned. When Allah wishes them to be released, then at the end of the day they will say, "If Allah wills, tomorrow we will break through." The following day they will find the wall as they had left it the previous day (i.e. it will not have returned to its orginal state) and after breaking the remaining part of it they will emerge."
(Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)
Commenting on the above hadith, Allamah Ibn Arabi says, Three miracles are evident in this Hadith:
Who Is Imaam Mahdi?
Please do not confuse Imaam Mahdi with Hadhrat Eisa (Jesus) alayhis salaam. They are two
different persons, and both will come during the last days. According to Hadeeth, Imaam
Mahdi will appear first, and Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will appear during Imaam Mahdi's lifetime.
Furthermore, only Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will be able to kill Dajjaal (the
The term "MAHDI" is a title meaning "The Guided one".
Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mas'ood radhiyallahu anhu says that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, "This world will not come to an end until one person from my progeny does not rule over the Arabs, and his name will be the same as my name." (Tirmidhi)
Hadhrat Ali radhiyallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, "Even if only a day remains for Qiyamah to come, yet Allah will surely send a man from my family who will fill this world with such justice and fairness, just as it initally was filled with oppression." (Abu Dawood)
Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri radhiyallahu anhu relates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam ) said, "Al Mahdi will be from my progeny. His forehead will be broad and his nose will be high. He will fill the world with justice and fairness at a time when the world will be filled with oppression. He will rule for seven years."
Other ahadeeth inform us that:
His Emergence and Rule
Hadhrat Umme Salmah radhiyallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, " After the death of a Ruler there will be some dispute between the people. At that time a citizen of Madina will flee (from Madinah) and go to Makkah. While in Makkah, certain people will approach him between Hajrul Aswad and Maqaame Ibraheem, and forcefully pledge their allegiance to him.
Thereafter a huge army will proceed from Syria to attack him but when they will be at Baida, which is between Makkah and Madina, they will be swallowed into the ground.
On seeing this, the Abdaals of Shaam as well as large numbers of people from Iraq will come to him and pledge their allegiance to him. Then a person from the Quraish, whose uncle will be from the Bani Kalb tribe will send an army to attack him, only to be overpowered, by the will of Allah. This (defeated) army will be that of the Bani Kalb. Unfortunate indeed is he who does not receive a share from the booty of the Kalb. This person (Imaam Mahdi) will distribute the spoils of war after the battle. He will lead the people according to the Sunnat and during his reign Islam will spread throughout the world. He will remain till seven years (since his emergence). He will pass away and the Muslims will perform his Janazah salaat." (Abu Dawood)
According to a Hadeeth, Sayyidunaa Eisa alayhis salaam will lead the Janaazah of Imaam Mahdi alayhis salaam.
While the people will be pledging their allegiance to Imaam Mahdi, a voice from the unseen will call out:
"This is the representative of Allah,
The Mahdi, listen to him and obey him"
This announcement which will be heard by all those present will establish his authenticity. Another sign which will indicate the authenticity of Imaam Mahdi wil be that in the Ramadhaan prior to his emergence an eclipse of the sun and moon will occur.
Hadhrat Abu Umamah radhiyallahu anhu says that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "There will be four peace agreements between you and the Romans. The fourth agreement will be mediated through a person who will be from the progeny of Hadhrat Haroon alayhis salaam and will be upheld for seven years."
The people asked: "O Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam , who will be the Imaam of the people at the time?"
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "He will be from my progeny and will be forty years of age. His face will shine like a star and he will have a black spot on his left cheek. He will don two "Qutwaani" cloaks and will appear exactly as a person from the Bani Israeel..." (Tabrani)
According to hadith narrated by Abu Saeed Khudri radhiyallahu anhu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "...(regarding the rule of Imaam Mahdi) the skies will rain down in abundance and the earth will yield forth its crop in abundance, and those alive will desire that those who have already passed away should have been alive to enjoy this prosperity..."
Hadhrat Buraidah radhiyallahu anhu says that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "There will be many armies after me. You must join that army which will come from Khurasaan." (Ibne Adi)
Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu anhu says that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam ) said: "(Armies carrying) black flags will come from Khurasaan. No power will be able to stop them and they will finally reach Eela (Baitul Maqdas) where they will erect their flags."
Eisa alayhis salaam
The Physical Features of Hadhrat Eisa Eisa alayhis salaam
He will resemble the famous Sahabi Hadhrat Urwah bin Masoodi radhiyallahu anhu . He will be of average height and red and white in colour. His hair spread to the shoulders, straight, neat and shining as after a bath. On bending his head, it will seem as if pearls are falling. He will have an armour on his body. He will be wearing two pieces of cloth light yellow in color.
He will descend on a Jamaat (group) that will be righteous at the time and comprising of 800 men and 400 women. The people will be preparing for war at the time against Dajjaal (the anti-Christ). It will be time for Fajr prayers, and Imaam Mahdi will be the Amir (leader). From the darkness of the dawn, a sound will suddenly be heard that "one who listens to your pleas has come" -- the righteous people will look everywhere and their eyes will fall on Eisa alayhis salaam. Briefly, at the time of Fajr, Eisa alayhis salaam will descend. When descending, Eisa alayhis salaam's hands will be on the shoulders of two angels (according to another source (Kab Abrar), a cloud will carry him). On their insistence Hadhrat Eisa will introduce himself. He will inquire about their enthusiasm and thoughts on Jihad against Dajjaal. Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will descend on the eastern side near the Minaret in Damascus (or in Baitul-Muqaddus by Imaam Mahdi). At the time Imaam Mahdi will have proceeded forward to lead the Fajr Salaat. The Iqamat of the Salaat would have been said (already recited) and Imaam Mahdi will call Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam for Imaamat (to lead the prayer), but he (Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam) will instead tell Imaam Mahdi to lead the prayer since the Iqamat of that Salaat has already been said for him. Thus Imaam Mahdi will lead the prayer, and Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will follow him. After the ruku, he will make this statement: "Allah has killed Dajjaal and the Muslims have appeared."
The Killing of Dajjaal and the Victory of the Muslims
After the completion of Fajr Salaat, Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will open the door behind him where Dajjaal accompanied by 70,000 Yahudis will be. He will indicate with his hand to move away between him (Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam) and Dajjaal. Dajjaal will then see Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam. At that time every Kafir on whom the breath of Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will reach, will die. His breath will reach up to the distance of his eyesight. The Muslims will then come down from the mountains and break loose on the army of Dajjaal. There will be war, Dajjaal will retreat, and Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will pursue Dajjaal. Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will have two flexible swords and one shield with him and with these he will kill Dajjaal at the Gate of Hudd. He willl show the Muslims the blood of Dajjaal which will get on his shield. Eventually the Yahudis will be selected and killed. The swine will be killed and the cross broken. People will revert to Islam. Wars will end, and people will return to their respective countries. One Jamaat (group) of Muslims will remain in his service and companionship.
Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will go to Fajr Rawha and perform Hajj or Umrah (or both) from there. He will also go to the grave of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and present his greetings and Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will reply. People will live comfortable lives. The wall of Yajooj and Majooj will then break.
The Blessings of Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam
His Marriage, Death and Deputies
After his descension on earth, Hadhrat Eisa alayhis salaam will marry. He will have children, and he will remain on earth 19 years after marriage. He will pass away and Muslims will perform his Janaza Salaat and bury him net to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam . (Tirmidhi)