Qur'aanic code of Life
IT IS A MATTER OF FAITH WITH EVERY MUSLIM that the Qur'aan is a complete code of life. One can attain the highest purpose in this life as well as the Hereafter, and also enjoy the benefits of peace and tranquillity by following the Qur'aan faithfully. This is a claim which needs to be explained in great detail. Voluminous books have been written on this subject. The purpose of this article is to discuss briefly only the more important aspects of this code.
The glorious Qur'aan itself epitomised in four brief words the code of life which it enjoins upon mankind for its salvation. It says, The decision belongs to none but Allah. (6:57)
This is the first, yet the most vital as well as the most comprehensive
clause of the Qur'aanic code of life,
and ipso facto encompasses Qur'aanic teachings and precepts
concerning each and every aspect of human life. It follows, therefore, that whosoever
wishes to be guided by the way of life shown by the Qur'aan
will have to accept as a matter of faith the concept that sovereignty and supreme
authority of the universe belongs only to Allah, and all his
votaries should bow their heads in submission to all His Commands. Allah's
Sovereignty is so supreme, pervasive and eternal that the authority and power of worldly
rulers can bear no comparison to it. For instance, the worldly rulers govern only the
visible actions of human beings, and have no control over their secret lives. Therefore
there is no man-made law anywhere in the world which can regulate a man's secret life, and
conduct his behaviour and the working of his mind. On the other hand Allah's
Sovereignty omniscience encompasses all aspects of human life, from his open and visible
action to his conduct and behaviour as well as what passes in the remote recesses of his
heart and mind. Not a breath of human life is out of His Reach. In consequence, it is
expected that an individual, whether in power or in public life, whether in the company of
his family members or in solitude should regard himself subject to the Will of Allah in all aspects of his life, whether they be in his words and
deeds or in thinking and views. One should have total faith in the verse,
"Verily one will be answerable for everything-the ears, the eyes and the heart." (17:36)
Therefore, the command given by Allah through the Qur'aan and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam maybe divided into five major headings as follows:
In this verse, Allah has discredited for all times the materialistic mentality, which justifies for material advantage anything whether right or wrong. This type of thinking regards money making (by any means) as the right of an individual. Allah has ordained that earning a living is not only permitted for men but also obligatory, but its parameters have to be prescribed by Allah. You are permitted to strive for your economic betterment while remaining in the parameter set out by Allah, which he has declared lawful (halaal). Any other means of earning a living outside the prescribed limits are wrong and unlawful. If you have accepted the Sovereignty of Allah then you must abstain from adapting those means, no matter how much material gain they might bring. Allah ta'aalaa has given, through Qur'aanic injunctions and the sayings of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, complete details of permitted and prohibited means of earning livelihood. All such means and methods have been declared unlawful and are banned which might even remotely deceive others or where there is chance of injustice, or which may benefit only a section of society at the cost of others. In consequence, in a society which faithfully follows the injunctions of the Qur'aan and Sunnah in its dealings with others there would neither be exploitation of man by man as in the capitalist system, nor would there be any deprivation of one's lawful and natural rights, as in the case of socialist / communist system. Without going in to detail, yet to provide an idea, it will suffice to point out that only one-fourth of the injunctions of Qur'aan and Sunnah which the Fuqahaa have compiled in the form of science of Fiqh (jurisprudence) comprises of worship' and the other three-fourths cover 'dealings.
The gist of this saying is that no one should cause any harm to others by any deeds, action or utterance. All social obligations preached by Islaam revolve round this basic principle. As such Qur'aan and Sunnah have forbidden all such deeds and actions which might cause harm to other fellow beings. According to Qur'aanic verse, harming an individual is like harming the entire humanity. The Qur'aan says, Whoever kills a person, not (to retaliate) for a person killed nor (to punish) for spreading disorder in the earth, is as if he has killed the whole mankind. (5:32 )
Soorah Hujuraat of the noble Qur'aan specially emphasises the injunctions on social obligations, which prohibits in very strong terms backbiting, violence, derision and ridicule.
Therefore the best way to get practical training in morality is that one should seek and adopt the company of those who are already trained and adorned with a high degree of morality.
May Allah grant His Divine Help so as to enable us to follow and practice the Qur'aanic code of conduct as it calls for, and may He bestow on us its benefits fully, both in this world and in the Hereafter. Aameen.
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