Any adoration (ibaadah), whether physical or pecuniary
(involving wealth), can
only be correct if performed strictly according to the principles of Sharee'ah. Qurbaani is also one of the ibaadaat and it will be rendered
invalid if the principles laid down by the Sharee'ah are not followed precisely in its
execution. As the
lack of Islaamic knowledge is widely prevalent and the ibaadah Qurbaani is such that it is performed only on
three fixed days in a year, people are found to be committing many mistakes.
- Some people while slaughtering the animal place the knife
before the Adam's
apple (thyroid cartilage). Majority of the Fuqahaa
(jurists) declare this to be
Haraam (forbidden). The animal should be slaughtered
by placing the knife after the Adam's apple.
- Some people perform Qurbaani and allocate one share of (a large
animal) on behalf of the whole Ummah or their deceased relatives. It is incorrect because only seven shares are allowed in one large animal and
not more. The correct method of conveying the thawaab of Qurbaani to the whole Ummah or the
deceased relatives is to perform the Qurbaani from one's own self and thereafter conveying
thawaab to the whole Ummah or the deceased relatives.
- If the deceased has made wasiyyat to perform Qurbaani from his asset then it is waajib to distribute the meat of that
Qurbaani to the poor only. If the Qurbaani is not
performed from the wealth of the deceased then it can be consumed by all.
- Some people assume Qurbaani to be waajib upon
their children just as Sadaqah Fitr. This is incorrect.
Ten Days of Zil Hijjah