AT THE TIME OF BAY’AT
Certain instructions are given to the mureed at the time
- The qadhaa (fulfillment)
of Salaat and Fasts which were omitted. The qadhaa should be executed by
performing along with each daily Salaat a Qadhaa
Salaat of the same time, e.g., along with the Adaa Maghrib Salaat, a Qadhaa
Maghrib Salaat should be made. During Ishaa, the Witr
omitted should also be made. In making the qadhaa only the Fardh and Witr
are made. It is however preferable to perform a number
of qadhaa Salaat collectively
at one time or in a single day, e.g. the Qadhaa
Salaat of several times or of several days. In this way quicker discharge
of the obligation takes place.
- Discharging any monetary obligations of others if one
is liable for such obligations. Such discharge is either by making the
due payment or by obtaining the pardon of the one whose right is involved.
- Fully guarding the eyes, ears and the tongue; total abstention
from haraam and mushtabih (doubtful) wealth; appearance, dress to be in
conformity with the Sunnat; total abstention from innovation and un-Islamic
customs and practices on occasions of happiness and sorrow; to refrain
from unlawful methods in all affairs; to constantly bear in mind not to
harm anyone by means of one's hand or tongue; not to hurt anyone; refraining
from association; meeting according to need; and abstaining from unnecessary
- Constantly maintaining the Zikr
of Kalimah Tayyibah, i.e.
while walking, sitting, reclining and laying down. The way to do this is
to continuously engage in reciting. Laa-Ilaaha illAllah
After reciting if a few times, Muhammad-ur-Rasulullah
should be added.
- After every Salaat recite Aayatul Kursi followed by Tasbeeh
Faatimi. i.e. 33 times Subhaanallah
; 33 time Alhamdulillah ; and
thirty four times Allahuakbar .
If time affords then recite after Zuhr, Maghrib and Ishaa one Tasbeeh (100
times) the third Kalimah.
- After Ishaa Salaat, at the time of going to bed engage
in muhasabah (self-reckoning) and muraaqabah-e-maut (contemplating death).
to take stock or reckoning. Here it means to take stock of one's own deeds
and activities. One should reflect over the entire day's acts and deeds.
Upon recalling a noble act or an act of Ibaadat,
express one's gratefulness (shukr)
unto Allah Ta'ala and request for greater taufeeq
(ability and inclination) to enhance virtue. Upon recalling one's evil
or wrong doing, become regretful. This is the daily muhasabah
incumbent upon the mureed.
This means to contemplate...to think about the oncoming
event of maut (death). Reflect about
the pangs of death, the questioning in the grave, the Plain of Resurrection,
the Reckoning in Qiyamat; the presence
in the Court of Allah; crossing the Siraat, etc. All this has to be contemplated
and a pledge is to be made that one will in future not venture near to
sin. One tasbeeh (100 times) Istighfaar
is then to be recited. The Istighfaar
Subhaanallah -e- Wa-Bihamdihee
Subhaanallah-il-Azeem. Astaghfirullah-al-Azeem Allazi La-ilaaha illa ho-wal Hayy-ul-
- Consider yourself to be the most inferior,
so much so, that if you observe with your own eyes another indulging in
the worst of vices then too you shall not despise him/her, nor shall you
consider yourself nobler than him/her. On the contrary one should fear
and bear in mind that it is very possible that the perpetrator of the vice
may resort to sincere taubah and become a person of high piety while the
one who had despised the sinner become ensnared (Allah
forbid ! ) in the meshes of the nafs and shaitaan and be diverted from
Ibaadat and obedience. One
has no certainty regarding one's end. One, therefore, has no basis for
regarding another with contempt.
Note: This instruction ( No. 7) is the first step in Sulook.
Without taking this step, the Path of Tasawwuf remains
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